Works Consulted*

Anderson, G. (1986). Little Crow, Spokesman for the Sioux.

Anderson, G. and Woolworth, A. (1988) Through Dakota Eyes Narrative Accounts of the Minnesota Indian War of 1862.

Berg, S. (2012). 38 Nooses Lincoln, Little Crow, and the Beginning of the Frontier’s End.

Brown, D. (1970) Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee.

Canku, C. and Simon, M. (2013). The Dakota Prisoner of War Letters.

Catches, P., & Catches, P. (1997). Oceti Wakan = Sacred fireplace: Pete Catches Sr. (Petaga Yuha Mani) a Spotted Eagle Holy Man, shares his life and the sacred ceremonies given to the Lakota people. Pine Ridge, SD: Oceti Wakan.

Chomsky, C. The United States-Dakota War Trials: A Study in Military Injustice, 43 Stan. L. Rev. 13 (1990), available at

Coleman, Camp. The Great Dakota Conflict. Pioneer Press

Cordier, M. Prairie Schoolwomen, Mid-1850s to 1920s, in Iowa, Kansas, and Nebraska.  Great Plains Quarter. 1988.

Cox, Hank. Lincoln and the Sioux Uprising of 1862.

Clavin, T. and Drury, B. (2013) The Heart of Everything That Is.

Cultural Plants of the Lower Sioux Indian Community – A Pocket Guide (2018).

Deloria, E. Waterlily.

Eastman, C. The Soul of the Indian (2003)

Fritsche, LA and Tolzmann Don. Memories of the Battle of New Ulm. Personal Accounts of the Sioux Uprising.

Flandrau, C. and Fridley, R., Kellett, L., Holmquist J., Charlies Flandrau and the Defense of New Ulm. 1962

Graves, K. and Ebbott, E. (2006). Indians of Minnesota.

Glasrud, Clarence.  A Heritage Deferred German Americans in Minnesota

Haddy, Theresa and Francis. Minnesota Physicians in the 1862 Sioux Uprising.  2011.

Haymond, J. The Infamous Dakota War Trials of 1862: Revenge, Military Law and the Judgment of History. 2016.

Isch, J.  The Dakota Trials: Including the Complete Transcripts and Explanatory Notes on the Military Commission Trials in Minnesota, 1862 – 1864. 2012.

Jackson, R. The County seat lawyer article, United States June 1950 Vol 36 pg 497

Letterman, E. From Whole Log to No Log (1963)

Lundborg, P. Death of a Dream: One Family’s Experience of the 1862 US/Dakota War.

Mansch, Larry D. (2016) "Abraham Lincoln and the Dakota War in Academic and Popular Literature," Madison Historical Review: Vol. 13 , Article 6.
Available at:

Michno, G. (2011) Dakota Dawn The Decisive First Week of the Sioux Uprising.

Morgan, G. and Weedon, R. (1990) Oglala Sioux use of Medical Herbs.

Munson, D. Malice Toward None. (2014)

Nix, Jacob and Tolzmann, Don. The Sioux Uprising in Minnesota, 1862: Jacob Nix’s Eyewitness History.

Nerburn, K. The Girl Who Sang to the Buffalo. (2013)

Oneroad, A. and Skinner, A. Being Dakota (2003)

Rippley, L. Paulson, R. (1995). German Bohemians, The Quiet Immigrants.

Rydrych, W. The Fool Soldiers: A Tale of the Dakota Uprising of 1862.

Rose, L. Midwest Medicinal Plants. (2017)

Schultz, Duane. Over the Earth I come: The Great Sioux Uprising of 1862. 1992

Scheffler, Lenor A. (2013) "Reflections of a Contemporary Minnesota Dakota Lawyer: Dakota Identity and its Impacts in 1862 and 2012," William Mitchell Law Review: Vol. 39: Iss. 2, Article 6. Available at:

Sneve, V. Completing the Circle. (1995)

"Speech of Little Crow on the Eve of the Great Sioux Uprising, August 18, 1862." Minnesota Historical Society. Minnesota History. Vol. 28, no. 3 (September 1962).

Stone, Joseph B., "Traditional and Contemporary Lakota Death, Dying, Grief, and Bereavement Beliefs and Practices: A Qualitative Study." (1998). All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 4055.

Swanson, D. The Thirty Ninth Man.

Treuer, D. The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee. (2019).

Waziyatawin. (2008). What Does Justice Look Like.

Waziyatawin. (2006). In the Footsteps of Our Ancestors: The Dakota Commemorative Marches of the 21st Century.

Walker, J. R., et al. Lakota Belief and Ritual. University of Nebraska Press, (1991).

Westerman, G. & White, B. (2012). Mni Sota Makoce The Land of the Dakota.

Wilson, D. Beloved Child: A Dakota Way of Life (2011).

AK Smiley’s Podcast, “Justice or Vengeance: Lincoln and the Great Sioux Uprising”

This American Life, Podcast Little War on the Prairie.

Stuff You Missed in History Class, Podcast The Dakota War of 1862 and the Whitestone Hill Massacre

Native American Calling, Podcast, Various Episodes.

Dakota 38, SmoothFeather Productions.

PBS Documentary Dakota Conflict aired 01/27/93

PBS Documentary Dakota Exile aired 06/28/96

Brown County Historical Society & Lower Sioux Community Annual Educational Events. Multiple Years.

*An attempt to identify the works that significantly educated the author or influenced the novel; it does not account for the endless rabbit-holes of research that inevitably occur during the writing of historical fiction.